Concern & action: Trapped/accumulated moisture
Moisture, both as a liquid and a vapour, becoming trapped and possibly accumulating within building fabric as a result of changing either fabric or ventilation conditions. For instance, where there is rising damp in a wall or high levels of moisture within a solid floor, the application of vapour closed materials or reduced whole house ventilation could result in moisture related problems (e.g. timber decay, mould growth)
Prior to refurbishment install moisture monitoring (e.g. through wall or other fabric element) to establish moisture profile of structure and cause of any existing problems. Check fabric for any water leaks. Ensure any existing dampness is resolved before proceeding with measure. Define specific site Exposure conditions for different orientations. Understand the properties of existing materials properties in relation to moisture (vapour permeability, hygroscopicity and capillarity).
Ensure the technical properties of any proposed new materials particularly in relation to moisture (vapour permeability, hygroscopicity and capillarity) and behaviour of these in relation to existing fabric are clearly understood. Choose appropriately breathable insulating materials. Develop robust details that avoid trapping moisture in instances of failure e.g. broken gutter, overflowing bath.
Monitore moisture at vulnerable locations and report findings
External Wall insulation
Internal Wall insulation
Frame infill insulation
Room in roof insulation
Floor insulation between/under floor joists
Floor Insulation on top of existing floor finish
Floor void filled with insulation
Exposed soffits to upper floors: Insulation in between joists or under soffit
Replacement of existing ground floor with new concrete insulated solid ground floor
Increased Floor airtightness
Chimney removal internal
Reduced air flow
RELATED REFERENCES (14)
Tech Paper 6 - Indoor Air Quality and Energy Efficiency in Traditional Buildings (2009)
Halliday, S., (Gaia Research)
Warmer Bath: A guide to improving the energy efficiency of traditional homes in the city of Bath (2011)
Bath Preservation Trust & Centre for Sustainable Energy
The Performance of Traditional Buildings: the SPAB Building Performance Survey 2013 (2013)
Rye, C, Scott C & Hubbard, D.
Improving Energy Efficiency in Traditional Buildings
Guidelines to avoid mould growth in buildings, Advanced Buildings Energy Research, 3, pp. 221-236. (2009)
Altamirano-Medina H., Mumovic D., Davies M., Ridley I. and Oreszczyn T.
Conversion of Traditional Buildings Part 2 - sections 3 Enviroment & 6 Energy (2007)
Ed. Dennis Urquhart, Historic Scotland
Insulating thatched roofs (2012)
Early cavity walls (2012)